Navigation


Mitocan

blending noun
an anti-cancer drug that targets the mitochondria
 
this term has recently become more prominent. It can be used in a formal, published scientific paper. Mitocan is used by a specific subset of scientists, likely those looking for novel cancer therapeutics, as well as doctors who use canonical drugs that are classified as mitocans. It may have developed as an alternative for “mitotoxin,” which is also a blend. Mitotoxin is pronounced the same as maitotoxin, which is the official name of a specific compound, and so using mitotoxin in a general sense can lead to confusion, which may have created the need for an alternative but similar word. (This cause for the word development is just my hypothesis, but this situation occurred to me, where I used mitotoxin in a presentation and then was asked if I was referring to the specific compound, so I used mitocan to clarify).
Etymology : “mitocan” is a blend of the words mitochondria and cancer. I found a paper, potentially the one that coined it, where it is incorrectly defined as a “acronym” for mitochondria and cancer. Interestingly, this blend takes the first half of both words, rather than the beginning of one and the end of the other, as most seem to do. This paper is from 2012, so this is a pretty recent word. The word mitochondria was coined in 1898 by a microbiologist from the Greek words mitos (thread) and khondrion, (little granule), probably based on its appearance under a microscope. The word cancer is from Latin (though taken from Greek). It means tumor and crab, but the definition of crab came first. It took on the meaning of “tumor” because Greek physicians thought that tumors looked like crabs. Part of the word mitocan is from Greek and part is from Latin, so it is a hybrid word.
Source : iii. Neuzil, Jiri, Dong, Lan-Feng, Rohlena, Jakub, Truksa, Jaroslav, Ralph, Stephen J., Classification of mitocans, anti-cancer drugs acting on mitochondria, Mitochondrion (2012).
Last modified: 10 December 2019


Navigation

# $ & ( + - 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 @
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ a ab c e f g u v




Options